Copyright 1994-2001 William F.
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- The Charter of the Hudson's Bay
Company, 1670 ("The Governor and Company of Adventurers of
England trading into Hudson's Bay")
- A charter by Charles II which created the Hudson's Bay Company for
Prince Rupert (hence Rupert's Land) and a group of entrepreneurs.
- Defined the territory and the purpose of the Company, and who was in
the Company as its Board of Directors.
- The territory defined spanned the entire Hudson's Bay watershead.
- The territory would be re-purchased in 1868 through the Rupert's Land Act, 1868 and become part of the
Dominion of Canada through section 146 of the Constitution Act, 1867 and the Rupert's Land and North-Western Territory
- The Treaty of Paris, 1763
- This treaty ended the Seven Year's War, or the French-Indian
War, as it is known in the United States, between Great Britain,
France, Spain and Portugal.
- Article IV of the treaty ceded the French colony of Canada and its
dependencies including Cape Breton Island, to Great Britain. It also
granted liberty to practice Catholicism in that colony and gave any
inhabitants 18 months to leave of their free will for France.
- Article V and VI granted fishing rights to French fishermen, as well
as ceded the Island of St. Pierre-Miquelon to France as a shelter for
- It also determined the fate of many lands in the East Indies, as well
as the Carribean, most notably, Spain's surrender of Florida. (Article XX)
- The Royal Proclamation of 1763
- A declaration that England is now in the possession of former
French territories, one of which is called Quebec, which were
all ceded by the Treaty of Paris, above.
- Also a survey of those possessions.
- Guaranteed the protection of lands for Indians under the Crown
that were not within the boundaries of the newly acquired provinces.
- Required any colonists occupying Indian lands without the
permission of the Crown to leave those lands.
- Also prevented colonists from buying land directly from Indians
and required them to obtain a licence for trading with the Indians.
- Report of Attorney and Solicitor General
regarding The Civil Government of Quebec, April 14th 1766.
- A report concerning the judicial problems surrounding the
province of Quebec.
- Contains an interesting paragraph hinting at the real motives
behind the Quebec Act, 1774.
- The Quebec Act, 1774
- An Act of the British Parliament to protect rights of Catholics,
the French civil code, French language and culture.
- It addressed numerous concerns raised by the Royal Proclamation
of 1763, as well as other ordinances and laws passed at that time.
- Believed by some historians to be one of the causes of the
American revolution. From the U.S. Declaration of Independence:
"For abolishing the free system of English laws in a neighbouring
province [Quebec], establishing therein an arbitrary government,
and enlarging its boundaries, so as to render it at once an example
and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into
- The Constitutional Act, 1791
- Repealed part of the Quebec Act, 1774 dealing with the
- Divided Quebec into the provinces of Upper Canada and Lower Canada.
- Gave each province an Assembly, but did not make the Legislative or
Executive Councils responsible to those Assemblies, giving rise to the
rebellions of 1837-38.
- Expanded the prominence of the Protestant Clergy by giving them more
preference in land allotments, etc.
- The Act Of Union, 1840
- United Kingdom Parliament Act based upon the recommendations
of Lord Durham's Report (Released 1839).
- Replaces some parts of the Constitutional Act, 1791.
- Re-united Upper Canada and Lower Canada to become, "the
Province of Canada."
- Created, as a legislative body, an appointed upper house called
the, "Legislative Council," and an elected Assembly.
- Introduced the concept of the double-majority, required to
pass bills, which lead to numerous political deadlocks and would
eventually give rise to the Constitution Act, 1867.
- Abolished bilingualism in official functions, operations and
proceedings of government, a part of an attempt to fully assimilate
the inhabitants of French Canada.
- Contains elements of the Constitution Act, 1867, such as the
Power of Disallowance (section XXXVIII.) and the existence of
a Consolidated Revenue Fund (section L.)
Last HTML revision: 28 May, 2009.
William F. Maton