Treaty No. 8

ARTICLES OF A TREATY made and concluded at the several dates mentioned therein, in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-nine, between Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, by Her Commissioners the Honourable David Laird, of Winnipeg, Manitoba, Indian Commissioner for the said Province and the North West Territories, James Andrew Joseph McKenna, of Ottawa, Ontario, Esquire, and the Honourable James Hamilton Ross, of Regina, in the North West Territories, of the one part; and the Cree, Beaver, Chipewyan, and other Indians, inhabitants of the territory within the limits hereinafter defined and described, by their Chiefs and Headmen, hereunto subscribed, of the other part:-

Whereas, the Indians inhabiting the territory hereinafter defined have pursuant to notice given by the Honourable Superintendent General of Indian Affairs in the year 1898, been convened to meet a Commission representing Her Majesty's Government of the Dominion of Canada at certain places in the said territory in this present year 1899, to deliberate upon certain matters of interest to Her Most Gracious Majesty, of the one part, and the said Indians of the other.

And whereas the said Indians are have been notified and informed by Her Majesty's said Commission that is Her desire to open for settlement, immigration, trade, travel, mining, lum bering, and such other purposes as to Her Majesty may seem meet, a tract of country bounded and described as hereinafter mentioned, and to obtain the consent thereto of Her Indian subjects inhabiting the said tract, and to make a treaty and arrange with them, so that there may be peace and good will between them and Her Majesty's other subjects, and that Her Indian people may know and be assured of what allowances they are to count upon and receive from Her Majesty's bounty and benevolence.

And whereas the Indians of the said tract, duly convened in council at the respective points named hereunder, and being requested by Her Majesty's Commissioners to name certain Chiefs and Headmen who should be authorized on their behalf to conduct such negotiations and sign any treaty to be founded thereon, and to become responsible to Her Majesty for the faithful performance by their respective bands of such obligations as shall be assumed by them, then said Indians have therefore acknowledged for that purpose the several Chiefs and Headmen who have subscribed hereto.

And whereas the said Commissioners have proceeded to negotiate a treaty with the Cree, Beaver, Chipewyan and other Indians, inhabiting the district hereinafter defined and described, and the same has been agreed upon and concluded by the respective Bands at the dates mentioned hereunder, and the said Indians do hereby cede, release, surrender, and yield up to the Government of the Dominion of Canada, for Her Majesty the Queen and Her successors for ever all their rights, titles and privileges whatsoever, to the lands included within the following limits, that is to say:-

Commencing at the source of the main branch of the Red Deer River in Alberta, thence due west to the central range of the Rocky Mountains, thence north-westerly along said range to the point where it intersects the 60th parallel of north latitude, thence east along said parallel to the point where it intersects Hay River, thence north-easterly down said river to the south shore of Great Slave Lake, thence along the said shore north- easterly (and including such rights to the islands in said lake as the Indians mentioned in the treaty may possess) and thence easterly and north-easterly along the south shores of Christie's Bay and McLeod's Bay to old Fort Reliance near the mouth of Lockhart's River, thence south easterly in a straight line to and including Black Lake, thence south-westerly up the stream from Cree Lake, thence including said Lake, south-westerly along the height of land between the Athabasca and Churchill Rivers to where it intersects and northern boundary of Treaty Six, and along the said boundary easterly, northerly, and south-westerly, to the place of commencement.

And also the said Indians rights, titles, and privileges whatsoever to all other lands, wherever situated in the North West Territories, British Columbia, or in any other portion of the Dominion of Canada.

To have and to hold the some to Her Majesty the Queen and Her successors for ever.

And Her Majesty the Queen hereby agrees with the said Indians that they shall have right to pursue their usual vocations of hunting, trapping and fishing throughout the tract surrendered as heretofore described, subject to such regulations as may from time to time be made by the Government of the country, acting under the authority of Her Majesty, and saving and excepting such tracts as may be required or taken up from time to time for settlement, mining, lumbering, trading or other purposes.

And Her Majesty the Queen hereby agrees and undertakes to lay aside reserves for such bands as desire reserves, the same not to exceed in all one square mile for each family of five for such number of families as may elect to reside on reserves, or in that proportion for larger or smaller families; and for such families or individual Indians as may prefer to live apart from band reserves, Her Majesty undertakes to provide land in severalty to the extent of 160 acres to each Indian, the land to be conveyed with a proviso as to non-alienation without the consent of the Governor-General in Council of Canada, the selection of such reserves, and lands in severalty, to be made in the manner following, namely, the Superintendent General of Indian Affairs shall depute and send a suitable person to determine and set apart such reserves and lands, after consulting with the Indians concerning as to locality which may be found suitable and open for selection.

Provided, however, that Her Majesty reserves the right to deal with any settlers within the bounds of any lands reserved for any band as She may see fit; and also that the aforesaid reserves of land, or any interest therein, may be sold or otherwise disposed of by Her Majesty's Government for the use and benefit of the said Indians entitled thereto, with their consent first had and obtained.

It is further agreed between Her Majesty and Her said Indian subjects that such portions of the reserves and lands above indicated as may at any time be required for public works, buildings, railways, or roads of whatsoever nature may be appropriated for that purpose by Her Majesty's Government of the Dominion of Canada, due compensation being made to the Indians for the value of any improvements thereon, and an equivalent in land, money or other consideration for the area of the reserve so appropriated.

And with a view to show the satisfaction of Her Majesty with the behaviour and good conduct of Her Indians, and in extinguishment of all their past claims, She hereby, through Her Commissioners, agrees to make each Chief a present of thirty-two dollars in cash, to each Headman twenty-two dollars, and to every other Indian of whatever age, of the families represented at the time and place of payment, twelve dollars.

Her Majesty also agrees that next year, and annually afterwards for ever, She will cause to be paid to the said Indians in cash, at suitable places and dates, of which the said Indians shall be duly notified, to each Chief twenty-five dollars, each Headman, not to exceed our to a large Band, and two to a small Band, fifteen dollars, and to every other Indian, of whatever age, five dollars, the same, unless there be some exceptional reason, to be paid only to heads of families for those belonging thereto.

Further, Her Majesty agrees that each Chief, after signing the treaty, shall receive a silver medal and a suitable flag, and next year, and every third year thereafter, each Chief and Headman shall receive a suitable suit of clothing.

Further, Her Majesty agrees to pay the salaries of such teachers to instruct the children of said Indians as to Her Majesty's Government of Canada may seem advisable.

Further, Her Majesty agrees to supply each Chief of a band that selects a reserve, for the use of that band, ten axes, five hand-saws, five augers, one grindstone and the necessary files and whetstones.

Further, Her Majesty agrees that each Band that elects to take a reserve and cultivate the soil, shall, as soon as convenient after such reserve is set aside and settled upon, and the Band has signified its choice and is prepared to break up the soil, receive two hoes, one spade, one scythe, and two hay forks for every family so settled, and for every three families one plough and one harrow, and to the Chief, for the use of his Band, two horses or a yoke of oxen, and for each band, potatoes, barley, oats and wheat (if such seed be suited to the locality of the reserve), to plant the land actually broken up, and provisions for one month in the spring for several years while planting such seeds; and to every family one cow, an every Chief one bull, and one mowing machine and one reaper for the use of his Band when it is ready for them; for such families as prefer to raise stack instead of cultivating soil, every family of five persons two cows, and every Chief two bulls and two mowing machines when ready for their use, and a like proportion for smaller or larger families. The aforesaid articles, machines and cattle to be given once for all for the encouragement of agriculture and stock raising; and for such bands as prefer to continue hunting and fishing, as much ammunition and twine for making nets annually, as will amount in value to one dollar per head of the families so engaged in hunting and fishing.

And the undersigned Cree, Beaver, Chipewyan and other Indian Chiefs and Headmen on their own behalf and on behalf of all the Indians whom they represent, do hereby solemnly promise and engage to strictly observe this Treaty, and also to conduct and behave themselves as good and loyal subjects of Her Majesty the Queen.

They promise and engage that they will, in all respects, obey and abide by the law; that they will maintain peace between each other, and between themselves and other tribes of Indians, and between themselves and others of Her Majesty's subjects, whether Indians, Half-breeds or Whites, this year inhabiting and hereafter to inhabit any part of the said ceded territory; and that they will not molest the person or property of any inhabitant of such ceded tract, or of any other district or country, or interfere with or trouble any person passing of travelling through the said tract, or any part thereof, and that they will assist the officers of Her Majesty in bringing to justice and punishment any Indian offending against the stipulations of this Treaty, or infringing the law in force in the country so ceded.

In witness whereof Her Majesty's said Commissioners, and the Cree Chief and Headmen of Lesser Slave Lake and the adjacent territory have hereunto set their hands at Lesser Slave Lake, on the twenty-first day of June in the year herein first above written.

Signed by the parties hereto, in the presence of the undersigned witnesses, the same having been first explained to the Indians by Albert Tate and Samuel Cunningham, Interpreters.

                                David Laird Treaty Commissioner 
                                J. A. J. McKenna 
                                            Treaty Commissioner

                                J. H. Ross Treaty Commissioner
Father A. Lacombe                              his
as adviser of the Commission    Kee Noo shay oo x Chief
Geo. Holmes                                   mark
E. Grouard O.M.I.                       his
W. G. White                     Moostoos x Headman
James Walker                           mark
J. Arthur Cote                              his
A. E. Snyder Insp. N.W.M.P.     Felix Giroux x do
H. B. Round                                mark
Harrison S. Young                               his
J. F. Prudhomme                 Wee chee way sis x do
J. W. Martin                                   mark
C. Mair                                               his
H. A. Conroy                    Charles Nee sue ta sis x do
Pierre Deschambeault                                 mark
J. H. Picard                           his
Richard Secord                  Captain x Headman from Sturgeon
M. McCauley.                          mark                 Lake

In witness whereof the Chairman of Her Majesty's Commissioners and the Headman of the Indians of Peace River Landing and the adjacent territory, in behalf of himself and the Indians whom he represents have hereto set their hands at the said Peace River Landing on the first day of July in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-nine.

Signed by the parties hereto, in the presence of the undersigned witnesses, the the same having been first explained to the Indians by Father A. Lacombe and John Boucher, Interpreters.

                                David Laird Chairman of Indian Treaty    
                                Commissioners.                       
                                      his                                
                                Duncan x Tastaoots Headman of Cree's     
                                     mark                                

A. Lacombe
     a adviser to the Commission
E. Grouard O.M.I. Ev. d'Ibora
Geo. Holmes
Henry McCorrister
K. F. Anderson Sgt. N.W.M. Police
Pierre Deschambeault
H. A. Conroy
T. A. Brick
Harrison S. Young
J. W. Martin
David Curry

In witness whereof the Chairman of Her Majesty's Commissioners and the Chief and Headman of the Beaver and Headman of the Crees & other Indians of Vermillion and the adjacent territory, in behalf of themselves and the Indians whom they represent have hereto set their hands at Vermillion on the eighth day of July in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-nine.

Signed by the parties hereto in the presence of the undersigned witness the same having been first explained to the Indians by Father A. Lacombe and John Bourassa, Interpreter.

                                David Laird                          
                                Chairman of Indian Treaty Comrs. 
                                       his              [Indians. 
                                Ambrose x Tete Noire Chief Beaver
                                      mark                           
                                       his      [Beaver [Indians.
                                Pierrot x Fourneir Headman of 
                                      mark                            
                                                      his Headman   
                                Kuis kuis kow ca poohoo x of Cree    
                                                  mark   Indians.
A. Lacombe
      as adviser of the Commission
E. Grouard O.M.I. Ev. d'Ibora
Malcolm Scott,
F. D. Wilson H. B. Co.
H. A. Conroy
Pierre Deschambeault
Harrison S. Young
J. W. Martin
A. P. Clarke
Chas. H. Stuart Wade
K. S. Anderson Sgt. N.W.M. Police

In witness whereof the Chairman of Her Majesty's Treaty Commissioners and the Chief and Headman of the Chipewyan Indians of Fond du Lac (Lake Athabasca) and the adjacent territory, in behalf of themselves and the Indians whom they represent have hereunto set their hands at the said Fond du Lac on the twenty- fifth and twenty-seventh days of July in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-nine.

                                                 David Laird
Signed by the parties hereto in the pre-              Chairman of Indian Treaty Commis-
sence of the undersigned witness, the                                          soners.
same having been first explained to the                  his
Indians by Pierre Deschambeault Rev.              Laurent x Dzieddin Headman
Father Douceur and Louis Robillard                      mark
Interpreters.                                              his
                                                  Toussaint x Headman
                                                          mark

     (The  number  accepting treaty being larger than first expected, a Chief was  allowed,  who 
signed  the treaty on the 27th July before the same witnesses to signatures of the  Commissioner 
and Headman on the 25th.)

G. Breynat O.M.I.                                        his
Harrison S. Young                                 Maurice x Piche Chief of Band
Pierre Deschambeault                                    mark
William Henry Burke
Bathurst F. Cooper
Germain Mercredi
     his
Louis x Robbilliard
Witness H. S. Young
K. S. Anderson Sgt. N.W.M.P.

     The  Beaver Indians of Dunvegan having met on this sixth day of July in this  present  year 
1899  Her  Majesty's  Commissioners the Honorable James Hamilton Ross and  James  Andrew  Joseph 
McKenna Esquire and having had explained to them the terms of the Treaty unto which the Chief an 
Headmen of the Indians of Lesser Slave Lake and adjacent country set their hands on the  twenty-
first day of June in the year herein first above written to join in the cession made by the said 
Treaty  and  agree  to adhere to the terms thereof in consideration  of  the  undertakings  made 
therein
     In  witness  whereof Her Majesty's said Commissioners and the Headman of  the  said  Beaver 
Indians  have hereunto set their hands at Dunvegan on this sixth day of July in the year  herein 
first above mentioned.
     
Signed by the parties thereto in the pre-         J. H. Ross
sence of the undersigned witness, after           J. A. J. McKenna
the same had been read and explained to                Commissioners.
the Indians by the Reverend Joseph Le                     his
Treste and Peter Gunn, interpreters.              Natooses x Headman
A. E. Snyder Insp. N.W.M.P.                              mark
J. Le Treste
Peter Gunn
F. J. Fitzgerald

     The  Chipewyan Indians of Athabasca River, Birch River, Peace River, Slave River  and  Gull 
River,  and  the Cree Indians of Gull River and Deep Lake having met at Fort Chipewyan  on  this 
thirteenth day of July in this present year 1899 Her Majesty's Commissioners the Honorable James 
Hamilton Ross and James Andrew Joseph McKenna Esquire and having had explained to them the terms 
of the Treaty unto which the Chief and Headmen of the Indians of Lesser Slave Lake and  adjacent 
country  set their hands on the twenty-first day of June in the year herein first above  written 
do join in the cession made by the said Treaty and agree to adhere to the terms thereof in  con
sideration of the undertakings made therein
     In Witness whereof Her Majesty's said Commissioners and the Chiefs and Headmen of the  said 
Chipewyan  and Cree Indians have hereunto set their hands at Fort Chipewyan on  this  thirteenth 
day of July in the year herein above first written.

Signed by the parties thereto in the pre-         J. H. Ross
sence of the undersigned witnesses after          J. A. J. McKenna
the same had been read and explained to                Treaty Commissioners
the Indians by Peter Mercredi Chipewyan               his
Interpreter and George Drever Cree Inter-         Alex x Laviolette Chipewyan Chief
preter.                                              mark
                                                        his
A. E. Snyder Insp. N.W.M.P.                       Julien x Ratfat
P. Mercredi                                            mark         Chipewyan
Geo. Drever                                            his                Headmen
L. M. Le Doussal                                  Sept. x Heezeli
A. de Chambeuil O.M.I.                                mark
H. B. Round                                             his
Gabriel Breynat O.M.I.                            Justin x Martin Cree Chief
Colin Fraser                                           mark
F. J. Fitzgerald                                      his
B. F. Cooper                                      Ant. x Taccarroo,
H. W. McLaren                                        mark           Cree Headmen
                                                        his
                                                  Thomas x Gibbot
                                                       mark

     The  Chipewyan  Indians of Slave River and the country thereabouts having  met  at  Smith's 
Landing  on this seventeenth day of July in this present year 1899 Her  Majesty's  Commissioners 
the  Honorable  James Hamilton Ross and James Andrew Joseph McKenna Esquire and having  had  ex
plained  to  them  the terms of the Treaty unto which the Chief and Headmen of  the  Indians  of 
Lesser  Slave Lake and adjacent country, set their hands on the twenty-first day of June, in  th 
year  herein  first above written do join in the cession made by the said Treaty  and  agree  to 
adhere to the terms thereof in consideration of the undertakings made therein
     In  Witness whereof Her Majesty's said Commissioners and the Chief and Headmen of the  said 
Chipewyan  Indians have hereunto set their hands at Smith's Landing on this seventeenth  day  of 
July in the year herein first above written.

Signed by the parties thereto in the pre-
sence of the undersigned witnesses after
the same had been read and explained to           J. H. Ross
the Indians by John Trindle Interpreter           J. A. J. McKenna
                                                           Treaty Commissioners
                                                        his
A. E. Snyder Insp. N.W.M.P.                       Pierre x Squirrel Chief
H. B. Bound                                            mark
J. H. Reid                                               his
Jas. Haly                                         Michael x Mamdrille Headman
John Trindle                                            mark
F. J. Fitzgerald                                         his
Wm. McClelland                                    William x Kiscorray ditto
John Sutherland                                         mark

     The Chipewyan and Cree Indians of Fort McMurray and country thereabouts having met at  Fort 
McMurray  on  this fourth day of August in this present year 1899, Her  Majesty's  Commissioner, 
James  Andrew Joseph McKenna, Esquire and having had explained to them the terms of  the  Treaty 
unto  which the Chief and Headmen of the Indians of Lesser Slave Lake and adjacent  country  set 
their  hands on the twenty-first day of June the the year herein first above written do join  in 
the cession made by the said Treaty and agree to adhere to the terms thereof in consideration of 
tghe undertakings made therein.
     In  Witness whereof Her Majesty's said Commissioner and the Headmen of the  said  Chipewyan 
and Cree Indians have hereunto set their hands at Fort McMurray, on this fourth day of August in 
the year herein first above written.

Signed by the parties thereto in the pre-         J. A. J. McKenna Treaty Commissioner
sence of the undersigned witnesses after              his
the same had been read and explained to           Adam x Boucher Chipewyan Headman
the Indians by the Rev. Father Lacombe               mark
and T. M. Clarke, Interpreters.                               his
                                                  Seapotakinum x Cree Cree Headman
                                                             mark
A. Lacombe O.M.I
Arthur Warwick
T. M. Clarke
J. W. Martin
F. J. Fitzgerald
W. G. H. Vernon

     The  Indians  of Wapiscow and the country thereabouts having met at Wapiscow Lake  on  this 
fourteenth  day  of August in this present year 1899 Her Majesty's  Commissioner  the  Honorable 
James  Hamilton Ross and having explained to them the terms of the Treaty unto which  the  Chief 
and  Headmen  of the Indians of Lesser Slave Lake and adjacent country set their  hands  on  the 
twenty-first  day of June in the year herein first above written do join in the cession made  by 
the  daid Treaty and agree to adhere to the terms thereof in consideration of  the  undertakings 
made therein.
     In Witness whereof Her Majesty's said Commissioner and the Chief and Headmen of the Indians 
have  hereunto  set their hands at Wapiscow Lake on this fourteenth day of August  in  the  year 
herein first above written.

Signed by the parties thereto in the pre-
sence of the undersigned witness after            J. H. Ross Treaty Commissr
the same had been read and explained to                 his
the Indians by Alexander Kennedy                  Joseph x Kapusekonew Chief
                                                       mark
A. E. Snyder Insp. N.W.M. Police                        his
Charles Riley Weaver                              Joseph x Ansey, Headman,
J. B. Henri Giroux, O.M.I. P.Ph.                       mark
Murdoch Johnston                                         his
C. Falher O.M.I.                                  Wapoose x Headman
Alex. Kennedy Interpreter                               mark
[Signature in Cree character]                            his
H. A. Conroy,                                     Michael x Ansey Headman
John McLeod                                             mark
M R Johnston                                            his
Recorded 13th March 1900                          Louisa x Beaver Headman
   Lib 163.  Fol 288                                   mark
            Joseph Pope
                  Dep. Registrar General of Canada.

     The  Cree Indians of Sturgeon Lake and the country thereabouts having met at  Lesser  Slave 
Lake on this 8th day of June in this present year 1900, James Ansdell Macrae Esquire, and having 
had explained to them the terms of the treaty unto which the Chief and Headmen of the Indians of 
Lesser  Slave  Lake and adjacent country set their hands on the 21st day of Jund,  in  the  year 
1899, to join in the cession made by the said Treaty, and agree to the terms thereof in  consid
eration of the undertakings made therein.
     In witness whereof the said James Ansdell Macrae, Esquire, and the Headmen of the said Cree 
Indians,  have hereunto set their hands at Lesser Slave Lake on this the 8th day of June in  the 
year first above written.

Signed by the parties thereto in the pre-         J. A. Macrae.
sence of the undersigned witnesses after                                  his
the same had been read and explained to           Mee-soo-kam-in-oo-ka-pow x
the Indians by Peter Gunn & Albert Tate,                                 mark
Interpreters.                                                               his
                                                  William Pee-yu-tay-wee-tum x
                                                                           mark
Albert Tate                                                         his
Peter Gunn                                        Muk-coo Moosew-os x
Geo. Holmes                                                         mark
Myles O'C. MacDermot                                                 his
W. J. O'Donnell                                   Alexis Pa-pass-chay x
A. Cheesbrough Const.                                               mark
R. Field Const.                                              his
                                                  The Captain x
                                                            mark
Recorded 14th January 1901
    Lib: 163 Fol: 442
            Joseph Pope
                Dep: Registrar General of Canada

     The Beaver Indians of the Upper Peace River and the country thereabouts having met at  Fort 
St.  John  on this 30th day of May in this present year 1900, Her Majesty's  Commissioner  James 
Ansdell Macrae, Esquire, and having had explained to them the terms of the treaty unto which the 
Chief  and the Headmen of the Indians of Lesser Slave Lake and adjacent country set their  hands 
on  the 21st day of June, in the year 1899, do join in the cession made by the said Treaty,  and 
agree to adhere to the terms thereof in consideration of the undertakings made therein.
     In  witness whereof Her Majesty's said Commissioner, and the following of the  said  Beaver 
Indians have hereunto set their hands at Fort St. John, on this the 30th day of May, in the year 
herein first above written.

                                                  J. A. Macrae Commissioner
                                                           his
                                                  Muckithay x
                                                          mark
                                                        his
                                                  Aginaa x
                                                       mark
Signed by the parties thereto in the pre-                  his
sence of the undersigned witnesses after          Dislisici x
the same had been read and explained to                   mark
the Indians by John Shaw Interpreter.                   his
                                                  Tachea x
                                                       mark
John Shaw Interpreter                                  his
W. J. O'Donnell                                   Appan x
                                                      mark
                                                          his
                                                  Attachie x
                                                         mark
                                                         his
                                                  Allalie x
                                                        mark
                                                          his
                                                  Yatsoose x
                                                         mark
Recorded 14th January 1901
    Lib: 163 Fol. 443
            Joseph Pope
                Dep: Registrar General of Canada

     The Slave Indians of Hay River and the country thereabouts having met at Vermillion on this 
twenty-third  day of June, in this present ytar 1900, Her Majesty's Commissioner, James  Ansdell 
Macrae  Esquire, and having had explained to them the terms of the Treaty unto which  the  Chief 
and  Headmen of Lesser Slave Lake and adjacent country, set their hands on the twenty-first  day 
of  June in the year 1899, do join in the cessions made by the said Treaty, and agree to  adhere 
to the terms thereof in consideration of the undertakings made therein.
     In  witness  whereof Her Majesty's said Commissioner and the Chief & principal men  of  the 
said  Slave Indians have hereunto set their hands at Vermillion on this 23rd day of June in  the 
year 1900.

Signed by the parties thereto in the pre-
sence of the undersigned witnesses after          J. A. Macrae Commissioner
the same had been read and explained to                 his
the Indians by Louis Cardinal                     Alexis x Tatatechay
                                                       mark
     his                                                  his
Louis x Cardinal                                  Francois x Tchatee
    mark                                                 mark
   Witness G Arthur Ball                                his
Alfred Speechly White                             Giroux x Nahdayyah
Isaie Gagnon                                           mark
Geo Knapp                                             his
H. J. Larocque                                    Koka x
      his                                            mark
Martin x Ouelette                                            his
     mark                                         Kachweesala x
   Witness G Arthur Ball                                    mark
William Letendre

   288-23 1/2
Recorded 14th January 1901
    Lib: 163 Fol: 444
            Joseph Pope
                Dep: Registrar General of Canada

     The Indians inhabiting the South shore of Great Slave Lake, between the mouth of Hay  River 
and  old Fort Reliance, near the mouth of Lockheart's River, and territory adjacent  thereto  on 
the mainland or on the islands of the said lake, having met at Fort Resolution on this 25th  day 
of July in the present year 1900, Her Majesty's Commissioner James Ansdell Macrae, Esquire,  and 
having  had  explained to them the terms of the Treaty unto which the Chief and Headmen  of  the 
Indians of Lesser Slave Lake and adjacent country set their hands on the 21st day of June  1899, 
do  join  in the cession made by the said treaty, and agree to adhere to the  terms  thereof  in 
consideration of the undertakings made therein.
     In  witness whereof Her Majesty's said Commissioner and the Chief and Headmen of  the  said 
Indians  have  hereunto set their hands at Fort Resolution on the 25th day of July in  the  year 
herein first above written.

Signed by the parties thereto in the pre-         J. A. Macrae, Commissioner,
sence of the undersigned witnesses after               his
the same had been read over and explained         Dried x Geese Chief, For
to the Indians by Revrd Father Dupirer,               mark
W. R. Norn, A. Mercredi.                                   his
                                                  Way-mi-ah x H.M.,      the
W. R. Norn                                                mark
Alexandre Mercredi                                           his
Thos. J. Marsh                                    Crap-wa-tee x H.M.,      Dog Ribs.
F. C. Gaudet,                                               mark
        [Indian characters:]                      
(The mark of Michel Mandeville),                       his                          
        [Indian characters.]                      Snuff x, Chief, For               
(The mark of Chief Pierre Squirrel),                  mark                          
Charlie Norn,                                            his                        
Richard Field.                                    Tzin-tu x H.M.,   the             
                                                        mark                        
                                                            his                     
                                                  Ate-ee-ten  x, H.M. Yellow Knives.

                                                         his
                                                  Louison x Ahthay, Chief
                                                        mark
                                                        his
                                                  Oliver x Ajjericon, Chipewyans.
                                                       mark
                                                         his
                                                  Sunrise x, H.M., Slaves of
                                                        mark

                                                          his
                                                  Lamelise x, H.M.     Hay River.
                                                         mark

                                                                 his
                                                  Vital [Indian characters] Lamoelle,
Witnesses                                                       sign
   T. C. Rae,                                                    his
   Oliver Mercredi,                               Paulette [Indian characters] Chipewayans
   J. S. Camsell.                                               sign
                                                                       Chandelle,

Last updated: 1 July, 1997

William F. Maton